Temperaments: An Introduction

Developed by David Keirsey and recently modernized by Linda Berens, temperaments describe why you do what you do and give a sense of your inner drive. The four temperaments are described below.

  • Improviser - Performing skillfully, with a drive to act now, be hands-on, and be as independent as possible. ISTP, ESTP, ISFP, ESFP.
  • Catalyst - Drawing on intuition to build a unique identity and life-meaning; cooperating, valuing authenticity and pursuing an ideal. ENFP, INFP, ENFJ, or INFJ.
  • Theorist - Driving toward mastery of concepts, knowledge, and competence; understanding and developing theories. INTJ, ENTJ, INTP, ENTP.
  • Stabilizer - Being responsible, being a part of a group, drawing on tradition, and building on a sense of security and community. ISTJ, ESTJ, ISFJ, ESFJ.

Temperaments can be combined with Interaction Styles to help individuals understand their needs, values, and preferred human interaction processes.

Topics: TemperamentsInteraction StylesLinda Berens